How does it spread and prevent COVID-19?

How does it spread and prevent COVID-19?

How does it spread and prevent COVID-19?

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2,a virus closely related to the SARS virus the disease is the cause of the 2019-20 coronavirus outbreak. It is primarily spread between people by small droplets from infected individuals when they breathe or cough

How does the COVID-19 spread?

1、Oral transmission

2、Droplets spread

3、contact transmission can be through the mouth, nasal cavity, eye

The transmission of novel coronavirus includes respiratory droplets and contact transmission. Transmission by respiratory droplets, such as sneezing, coughing, talking droplets, exhaling gas close contact, can cause the disease to continue to spread. Or the person sneezes, coughs, talks the droplet is mixed in the air, forms the aerosol, is inhaled by others after may also cause the infection; In addition, if the droplet deposits on the surface of the article, it can directly contact the contaminated person’s hand, and the contaminated hand can contact the mouth, nasal cavity, eyes and other mucous membranes, such as picking the nose, rubbing the eyes, can also lead to infection, thus spreading.

What are the symptoms of COVID-19?

Patients with COVID-19 have reportedly had mild to severe respiratory illness. Symptoms can include:

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath

1、The early symptoms of the new coronavirus are similar to those of a common cold caused by a common viral infection. The symptoms are fatigue, weakness, and muscle soreness.

2、With the development of the disease, the patient will appear the symptoms of fever, fever degree above 37.3℃. Respiratory symptoms can also occur, including a cough and sore throat.

3、As the symptoms get worse, patients can have difficulty breathing, chest tightness, shortness of breath, and even respiratory distress. Radiographic examination by CT revealed ground-glass changes in the lung interstitial. Severe symptoms include sepsis, septic shock, coagulation dysfunction, and renal failure.

How can I prevent COVID-19?

Public measures to prevent the virus

Don’t participate in all kinds of public activities. During the emergency period of epidemic prevention, we will reduce outdoor activities. We will not go out for fun or participate in all kinds of parties. We will not take part in activities in public places such as shopping malls and entertainment.

Wear a mask and wash your hands. Wherever you go, wear a mask whenever you go out. This is a basic measure to prevent the spread of droplets. Also, wash your hands often.

Actively monitor your physical condition. Take the temperature frequently, especially for the elderly and children, it is recommended to take the temperature once a day, and always pay attention to the individual symptoms, if the high fever, cough and other symptoms, timely to the hospital.

Maintain a clean home environment and good personal hygiene practices. Indoor cleaning, ventilation, disinfection; Use personal toiletries, utensils, cutlery, and often disinfect with medical alcohol; During epidemic prevention, try not to eat wild animals, seafood, etc.

Through epidemic areas to prevent virus measures

The first time registration for the record. If you live or travel in an epidemic area, register with the local township, community or village committee as soon as possible.

Isolation at home. After returning home, try to live in one room each, conduct a self-health test, isolation test for 14 days as required, reduce contact between outside and family.

Seek medical advice promptly if there are suspicious symptoms. If there are suspicious symptoms, people can consult through the service hotline, the serious people to the hospital in time.

Note the precautions on the way to the hospital. Wear a mask when going out, try to use a private car, do not touch things with public transport, keep a certain distance between people, as close as possible to open the window position.

Daily virus prevention measures at home

Build a clean and harmonious family environment together. Every family member should maintain indoor sanitation consciously, to ventilated, clean, disinfect, cook wait for all family affairs, undertake reasonable division of labor.

Everyone should keep good personal hygiene. During the epidemic period, we should be strict with ourselves, no smoking, no drinking, no littering, no spitting. Do not use other people’s goods, do not travel, do not participate in various activities; Wash your hands and check your health every day.

Precautions against suspicious symptoms in family members. After family member appears symptom, the patient goes to the hospital to see a doctor in time, other person does not want an alarm, reduce the contact with the patient, do not touch the patient’s article more, undertake segregation to the patient’s all article. Indoor or personal items for in-depth disinfection, each person to increase the frequency of personal health status detection.

 Due to the need for work, or to work, or to participate in various public activities. If the staff can show symptoms, do not go to work sick.

Personal protection should be strengthened when working or working. Use your car or walk to work as much as possible; When working, wear a mask, wash your hands frequently, and keep a distance. When coming home from work, change work clothes, wash hands actively, disinfect, etc.

 If anyone in a public place has suspicious symptoms of the new coronavirus, staff should keep a distance, ask the suspect to leave and report back to the unit.

Public places should be often ventilated to maintain a clean environment; Public goods should be regularly cleaned and disinfected; Public restrooms should be well-stocked with soap, hand sanitizer, disposable gloves, and other items.

Prepare: Surgical mask Disposable gloves Safety glasses Disinfectant

Reference data:

World Health Organization

Chinese center for disease control and prevention

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